In recent years, Thailand has made rapid progress in healthcare through a combination of regulation and funding programs and has clawed its way to the very top of the list. In the process, Thailand serves as a great example to other developing economies on what can be achieved through strong political will and concerted on-ground action.
79.5 % of Thailand's health care expenditure in 2012 came from the government, while 20.5% was from private sources. Healthcare represented 17 % of all government expenditure. The Total national expenditure on health was 4.3 percent of GDP in 2009.
Thailand implemented Universal healthcare for its citizens in 2002. Under Thailand’s health schemes, 99.5% of the population have health protection coverage. Funding is largely from public revenues - funds are allocated to Contracting Units for Primary Care annually on a population basis.
The majority of health care services are delivered by the public sector. The public sector infrastructure includes 1,002 hospitals and 9,765 health stations. There were, additionally, 316 registered private hospitals in 2010
Healthcare is dispensed through 3 programs: the civil service welfare system for civil servants and their families, Social Security for private employees, and the Universal Coverage Scheme for all other Thai nationals
Means-tested health care was replaced by a comprehensive insurance scheme called the 30 baht project – named for the small co-payment charged for treatment. People joining the scheme receive a gold card that allows them to access services in their health district, and, when necessary, be referred for specialist treatment.
The top challenges for Thailand in the future are - rising healthcare costs, inequalities, and duplication of resources between the public and private health systems